Panther Mound Vegetation

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Metadata:


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science, Department of Geography at The University of Georgia
Originator:
South Florida Natural Resources Center at Everglades National Park
Publication_Date: 1999
Title: Panther Mound Vegetation
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Online_Linkage:
Larger_Work_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science, Department of Geography at The University of Georgia
Originator:
South Florida Natural Resources Center at Everglades National Park
Publication_Date: 1999
Title:
Vegetation Map and Digital Database of South Florida's National Park Service Lands
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: vector digital data
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing
Issue_Identification: Vol. 65, No. 2
Other_Citation_Details:
The following references provide more information about the vegetation mapping project:

Madden, M., D. Jones, and L. Vilchek. 1999. Photointerpretation Key for the Everglades Vegetation Classification System. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 65(2): 171-177.

Welch, R., M. Madden, and R.F. Doren. 1999. Mapping the Everglades. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 65(2): 163-170.

Welch, R. and M. Madden. 1999. Vegetation Map and Digital Database of South Florida's National Park Service Lands, final report to the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Cooperative Agreement Number 5280-4-9006, Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science, University of Georgia, Athens, 44 pp.

Welch, R., M. Madden, and R.F. Doren 2001. Maps and GIS Databases for Environmental Studies of the Everglades. In J. W. Porter and K. G. Porter (eds.) The Everglades, Florida Bay, and Coral Reefs of the Florida Keys: An ecosystem sourcebook. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 259-279.

Description:
Abstract:
The Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science, Department of Geography at The University of Georgia and the South Florida Natural Resources Center at Everglades National Park developed a seamless and complete GIS vegetation database of Everglades National Park, Big Cypress National Preserve, and Biscayne National Park. Photointerpretation of NAPP color infrared (CIR) aerial photographs from 1994-1995, GPS-assisted field observations (including extensive helicopter reconnaissance and verification flights), and the hierarchical Everglades Vegetation Classification System were used create the vegetation database. The vegetation database consists of 79 vegetation map coverages scaled to 1:15,000 and keyed to USGS 7.5 minute quadrangles. The Panther Mound vegetation coverage includes vegetation data for the Panther Mound 7.5-minute USGS quadrangle.
Purpose:
The South Florida National Park Service GIS vegetation database provides a baseline for establishing trends and monitoring changes related to the restoration and preservation of south Florida National Parks and Preserves.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1999
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.875130
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80.749740
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.625161
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 25.499840
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none
Theme_Keyword: vegetation
Theme_Keyword: vegetation database
Theme_Keyword: vegetation classification
Theme_Keyword: Everglades
Theme_Keyword: plant communities
Theme_Keyword: forest
Theme_Keyword: scrub
Theme_Keyword: savanna
Theme_Keyword: prairies
Theme_Keyword: marshes
Theme_Keyword: exotics
Theme_Keyword: hurricane damage
Place:
Place_Keyword: Panther Mound
Place_Keyword: Florida
Place_Keyword: Everglades National Park
Access_Constraints: Public data
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Department of Geography
Address: The University of Georgia
City: Athens
State_or_Province: GA
Postal_Code: 30602-2503
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 706-542-2918
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 706-542-2358
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info@crms.uga.edu
Data_Set_Credit:
The Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science, Department of Geography at The University of Georgia and the South Florida Natural Resources Center at Everglades National Park
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.1 (Build 2600) Service Pack 1; ESRI ArcCatalog 8.3.0.800

Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report:
Vegetation classification accuracy: GPS-assisted reconnaissance of areas to be mapped and GPS-assisted accuracy checks of areas previously mapped were conducted using helicopters and automobiles. Photointerpreters used these field observations to check and maintain vegetation classification accuracy. Independent checks of vegetation classification accuracy for dominant, secondary, and tertiary classes at 88 random points in Everglades National Park resulted in an average of 90 percent correct, with a range of 77-97 percent correct. Average overall vegetation classification accuracy is estimated to be greater than 85 percent.
Quantitative_Attribute_Accuracy_Assessment:
Attribute_Accuracy_Value: Greater than 85% (estimate)
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The vector files used to create the ArcInfo vegetation coverages were rectified to an accuracy of about ±4-5m (RMSExy).
Quantitative_Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Assessment:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Value: 4-5m
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: South Florida Water Management District
Publication_Date: 1993
Title: SPOT panchromatic images
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: remote-sensing image
Source_Scale_Denominator: 10m resolution
Type_of_Source_Media: digital
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 1993
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: SPOT panchromatic images
Source_Contribution:
Eight contiguous digital SPOT scenes of south Florida were a source of ground control points for the color infrared aerial photographs used to build the vegetation database.
Source_Information:
Source_Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator: USGS National Aerial Photography Program
Publication_Date: January, March, December,1994 and January, October, 1995
Title: 1994 -1995 USGS NAPP Color Infrared Photographs
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Eastman Kodak SO-134 film
Online_Linkage: <http://edc.usgs.gov/products/aerial/napp.html>
Source_Scale_Denominator: 1:40000
Type_of_Source_Media: Eastman Kodak SO-134 film
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: 1994-1995 USGS NAPP Color Infrared Photographs
Source_Contribution:
1994-1995 USGS NAPP Color Infrared Photographs were the primary source material used to build the vegetation database.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The original source for creating the Everglades vegetation database was a set of 1:40,000 USGS NAPP color infrared (CIR) photographs recorded on Eastman Kodak SO-134 film in 1994 and 1995. The 1:40,000 CIR film transparencies were enlarged and reproduced as 1:10,000 scale prints in order to minimize errors in the identification of ground control points (GCPs), expedite interpretation of the photographs, and facilitate creation of vegetation coverages. Points of detail (control points) shared by rectified SPOT panchromatic images and the 1:10,000 CIR photographs were used to rectify the CIR photographs. Rectification coefficients developed using a second degree polynomial resulted in RMSExy values of ±4-5m per photo.

Construction of the vegetation database and 1:15,000 vegetation maps from the CIR photographs involved the following steps:

1) Photointerpreters delineated polygons for vegetation classes on clear plastic overlays registered to 1:10,000 CIR prints (~1m x 1m) on a large light table. Locations of all GCPs were noted on the overlays. Photointerpreters examined the original 9" x 9" film transparencies under a high magnification Bausch & Lomb 95 Stereoscope when additional detail was required.

2) Extensive helicopter reconnaissance and verification flights (+120 hrs) were conducted by Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science (CRMS) and National Park Service (NPS) botanists during the interpretation phase in order for the photo interpreters to associate photographic signatures with vegetation communities on the ground. All data were recorded on a laptop in the helicopter using FieldNotes (PenMetrics, Inc.) and formed the basis of the Everglades Vegetation Classification System created jointly by CRMS, NPS and the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD).

3) Overlays were scanned at 400 dpi by Electronic Services, Inc. (Athens, Georgia) and saved as TIFFs.

4) The TIFFs of the scanned overlays were converted to vector files using R2V software (Able Software Company). The vector files were rectified to an accuracy of about RMSExy values ±4-5m using the Desktop Mapping System (DMS) by R-WEL, Inc. and previously identified GCPs in the UTM coordinate system. Vector files were output in ArcInfo Generate format.

5) The ArcInfo Generate vector files were imported to ArcInfo 7.0.3 for editing, attributing, edge-matching, and construction of vegetation coverages corresponding to USGS 7.5-minute quadrangles.

6) Quality control and accuracy checks - GPS-assisted reconnaissance of areas to be mapped and GPS-assisted accuracy checks of areas previously mapped were conducted using helicopters and automobiles. Photointerpreters used these field observations to check and maintain vegetation classification accuracy. Independent checks of vegetation classification accuracy at 88 random points in Everglades National Park resulted in an average of 90 percent correct, with a range of 77-97 percent correct. Average overall vegetation classification accuracy is estimated to be greater than 85 percent.

7) Final map plots and digital data files were generated.

Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: 1994-1995 USGS NAPP Color Infrared Photographs
Source_Used_Citation_Abbreviation: SPOT panchromatic images
Process_Date: 1994-1998
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Department of Geography
Address: The University of Georgia
City: Athens
State_or_Province: GA
Postal_Code: 30602-2503
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: 706-542-2918
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: 706-542-2358
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: info@crms.uga.edu
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
- Imported the interchange file into ArcInfo - Built polygons and lines for the coverage
Process_Date: June 2000
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Linda Powell
Contact_Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER
Contact_Position: Information Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Southeast Environmental Research Center
Address: Florida International University
Address: University Park, OE 148
City: Miami
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (305) 348-6054
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (305) 348-4096
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
- Converted the ArcInfo coverage to a shapefile using ArcToolbox 8.3.
Process_Date: 2003
Process_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mike Rugge
Contact_Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER
Contact_Position: Program Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Southeast Environmental Research Center
Address: Florida International University
Address: University Park, OE 148
City: Miami
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (305) 348-6054
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (305) 348-4096

Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Vector
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: G-polygon
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 1367
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Label point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 2230
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: GT-polygon composed of chains
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 2230
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 0

Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: Universal Transverse Mercator
Universal_Transverse_Mercator:
UTM_Zone_Number: 17
Transverse_Mercator:
Scale_Factor_at_Central_Meridian: 0.999600
Longitude_of_Central_Meridian: -81.000000
Latitude_of_Projection_Origin: 0.000000
False_Easting: 500000.000000
False_Northing: 0.000000
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: 0.000032
Ordinate_Resolution: 0.000032
Planar_Distance_Units: meters
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: North American Datum of 1983
Ellipsoid_Name: Geodetic Reference System 80
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.000000
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222

Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: panthermound
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: AREA
Attribute_Definition: Area of feature in internal units squared.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PERIMETER
Attribute_Definition: Perimeter of feature in internal units.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Positive real numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PANTHERMOU
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PANTHERM_I
Attribute_Definition: User-defined feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DOMINANTVE
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: F
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
FOREST - High-density stands of trees with heights over 5 metres.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FM
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Mangrove Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FMa
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Black (Avicennia germinans) Mangrove
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FMl
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: White (Laguncularia racemosa) Mangrove
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FMlb
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
White Mangrove or Buttonwood Forest - This class signifies that it is uncertain whether vegetation is white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) or buttonwood forest (Conocarpus erectus), since signatures on the aerial photographs are very similar. Field checking is required to correctly identify the species.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FMr
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Red (Rhizophora mangle) Mangrove
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FMx
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Mixed mangrove - Specific mixtures of mangrove species, when identified, will be distinguished as subgroups.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FB
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus) Forest - Conocarpus erectus with variable mixtures of subtropical hardwoods.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FT
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Subtropical Hardwood Forest - Lysiloma latisiliquum, Quercus virginiana, Bursera simaruba, Mastichodendron foetidissimum, Swietenia mahagoni, among others.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FO
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Oak Sabal Forest - Quercus laurifolia, Q. virginiana, Sabal palmetto.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FP
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Paurotis Palm (Acoelorrhaphe wrightii) Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FC
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cabbage Palm (Sabal palmetto) Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Swamp Forest
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSh
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Mixed Hardwood Swamp Forest - Quercus virginiana, Q. laurifolia, Acer rubrum, Sabal palmetto, Fraxinus caroliniana.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSc
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Cypress Strands - Taxodium ascendens, T. distichum; cypress domes are treated as a subgroup. Cypress strands (especially in BICY) may contain an understory of species such as Annona glabra, Chrysobalanus icaco, and Fraxinus caroliniana.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSd
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Cypress Domes/Heads - Taxodium ascendens, T. distichum ; cypress growing in a depression such that trees in the center are tallest and give the characteristic dome shape. Delineated domes may contain a fringe of short cypress (less than 5 metres).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSt
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Cypress - Taxodium ascendens, T. distichum; cypress moderately to densely distributed with an open canopy. Cypress domes may be located within these communities.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSx
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Cypress Mixed Hardwoods - Taxodium ascendens and T. distichum with variable mixtures of subtropical and temperate hardwoods; predominantly in BICY.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSa
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Mixed Hardwoods, Cypress and Pine - Mixture of various subtropical hardwoods with Taxodium distichum with occassional Pinus elliottii var. densa.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSCpi
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Cypress-Pines - Taxodium distichum with Pinus elliottii and a mixed hardwood scrub understory.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: FSb
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Bayhead - Magnolia virginiana, Annona glabra, Chrysobalanus icaco, Persea borbonia, Ilex cassine, Metopium toxiferum, among others.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: S
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SCRUB - Low-density areas of trees and shrubs with heights under 5 meters.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SM
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Mangrove Scrub - The vegetation matrix in which the scrub occurs should be noted, e.g., within Eleocharis marsh.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SMr
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Red (Rhizophora mangle)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SMa
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Black (Avicennia germinans)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SMl
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: White (Laguncularia racemosa)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SMlb
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
White Mangrove or Buttonwood Scrub - This class signifies that it is uncertain whether vegetation is scub white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) or buttonwood scrub (Conocarpus erectus), since signatures on the aerial photographs are very similar. Field checking is required to correctly identify the species.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SMx
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Mixed scrub - Sparse and high-density subgroups/modifiers can be distingished.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SC
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Buttonwood (Conocarpus erectus) Scrub
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SP
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens) Scrub
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SH
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Hardwood Scrub - Includes species such as Metopium toxiferum, Persea borbonia, Myrica cerifera, Ilex cassine, Magnolia virginiana, Myrsine floridana, Conocarpus erectus, Chyrsobalanus icaco and others. Often contains a moderate to heavy component of mixed grasses. Scrub oak (Quercus virginiana) is often included in areas of BICY.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Bay-Hardwood Scrub - Mixed association of bayhead swamp species, buttonwood scrub and hardwood scrub species such as Myrica cerifera, Chyrsobalanus icaco, leather fern (Acrostichum danaeifolium), Conocarpus erectus and Cladium jamaicense. Minor species include Metopium toxiferum, Ilex cassine, Persea borbonia, Sabal palmetto and Cephalanthus occidentalis. Occurs in the transition zone between saline and fresh environments.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SV
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
SAVANNA - Low-density (open canopy) trees in a matrix of graminoids.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVPI
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Pine (Pinus elliottii var. densa) Savanna
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVx
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Slash pine mixed with palms - Pinus elliottii var. densa, Serenoa repens, Sabal palmetto; typical of BICY.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVPIh
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Slash pine with hardwoods - Pinus elliottii var. densa, Rhus copallina, Guettarda scabra, Bumelia salicifolia, Tetrazygia bicolor, Dodonea viscosa, among others; typical of EVER.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVPIc
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Slash pine with cypress - Pinus elliottii var. densa dominant with Taxodium distichum interspersed.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVC
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cypress (Taxodium distichum and T. ascendens) Savanna
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVCd
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Dwarf cypress - Cypress of stunted growth less than 5 metres in height.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVCpi
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Cypress with pine - Taxodium distichum and T.ascendens dominant with mixed Pinus elliottii var. densa.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SVPM
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Palm (Sabal palmetto) Savanna
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: P
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: PRAIRIES AND MARSHES
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PG
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Graminoid Prairie/Marsh - Contains grasses, sedges and rushes. The extent of periphyton cover is expressed as a modifier for all appropriate subclasses.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGj
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Black rush (Juncus roemerianus)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGc
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Sawgrass (Cladium jamaicense) - The modifier 't' is used to distinguish tall sawgrass, e.g., PGct.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGm
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Muhly grass (Muhlenbergia filipes)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGs
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cordgrass (Spartina spp.)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGe
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Spike rush (Eleocharis cellulosa)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGp
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Common reed (Phragmites spp.)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGa
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Maidencane (Panicum hemitomon)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGw
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Maidencane-Spike rush - Mix of shallow open water, Eleocharis spp. and Panicum hemitomon which can include sparse associations of low stature Cladium jamaicense, Typha spp., Sagittaria lancifolia, Pontedaria lanceolata, Nymphaea spp., etc. typical of SFWMD impounded conservation areas.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PGx
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Mixed graminoids - Specific mixtures of graminoids, when identified, will be distinguished as subgroups.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PE
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Non graminoid Emergent Marsh - Pontederia lanceolata, Sagittaria spp., Nymphaea odorata, Typha spp., with Ludwigia repens and Utricularia spp. as possible submergents.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PEb
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Broadleaf Emergents
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PEf
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Floating/Floating Attached Emergents
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PEa
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Leather Fern
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PEo
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Other Mixed Non-Graminids - Other non-grass species such as Mikania, Polygonum spp., Cicuta mexicana.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PC
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cattail (Typha spp.) Marsh
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PH
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Halophytic Herbaceous Prairie
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PHg
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Graminoid - Saltgrass (Distichlis spicata), smutgrass (Sporobolus spp.) and keys grass (Monanthocloe littoralis).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PHs
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Succulent - Very salt tolerant species such as saltwort (Batis maritima), glasswort (Salicornia spp.) and sea purslane (Sesuvium spp.).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: PPI
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Prairie with Scattered Pines - Sparsely distributed Pinus elliottii var. densa in a matrix of graminoids, at the pinelands-glades ecotone.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SB
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: SHRUBLANDS
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBs
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Willow (Salix caroliniana)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBf
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Pop Ash (Fraxinus caroliniana)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBm
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBb
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Groundsel bush (Baccharis spp.)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBc
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBl
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Primrose (Ludwigia spp.)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBy
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cocoplum (Chrysobalanus icaco)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBa
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Pond Apple (Annona glabra)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SBt Cypress (Taxodium ascendens, T. distichum).
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: E
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
EXOTICS - For sparse to low-density stands, modifiers are used to indicate (1)the vegetation matrix in which the exotic occurs, and (2) the original vegetation replaced by the exotic, when applicable.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: EM
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Cajeput (Melaleuca quinquenervia)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: EC
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Australian Pine (Casuarina spp.)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: EO
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Lather Leaf (Colubrina asiatica)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: ES
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Brazilian Pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: EA
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Shoebutton Ardisia (Ardisia elliptica)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: EL
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Tropical Soda Apple (Solanum viarum)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: EJ
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Java Plum (Syzygium cumini)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: W
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Open Water
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: BCH
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Beaches
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: MUD
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Mud
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: HI
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Structures and Cultivated Lawns - Human Influence (HI) includes structures (e.g., buildings, fishing and hunting camps), parking lots and cultivated lawns.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: HIp
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Pumping Stations
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: HId
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Disturbed Fish Camp Site - Human influence site common in SFWMD that has been disturbed by former fishing/hunting camp. Although buildings are no longer present, an unusual mix of introduced and exotic species persist.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: RD
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Major Roads (greater than 30 m wide)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: C
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Major Canals (greater than 30 m wide)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: ORV
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: ORV Trails
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SA
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Spoil Areas
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: SAd
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Artificial Deer Islands
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SYMBOL
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: DOMINANTMO
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -1
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Hurricane Damage Class - Low to medium (0% to 50% damage)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -2
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Hurricane Damage Class - High (51% to 75% damage)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -3
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Hurricane Damage Class - Extreme (> 75% damage)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -4
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Low Density (Scattered Individuals)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -5
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition:
Human Influence - The Human Influence modifier can be added to a vegetation class to indicate evidence of human disturbance.
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -6
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Abandoned agriculture
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -7
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Altered drainage
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -8
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: High density ORV trails
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -9
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Periphyton
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -10
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Treatment Damage (e.g., herbicide treatment)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -11
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Other Damage (e.g., freeze damage)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -12
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Ponds
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Enumerated_Domain:
Enumerated_Domain_Value: -13
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition: Exposed Rock (i.e., pinnacle rock)
Enumerated_Domain_Value_Definition_Source:
Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SECONDVEG
Attribute_Definition: See values and definitions for DOMINANTVEG
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: SECONDMOD
Attribute_Definition: See values and definitions for DOMINANTMOD
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: THIRDVEG
Attribute_Definition: See values and definitions for DOMINANTVEG
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: THIRDMOD
Attribute_Definition: See values and definitions for DOMINANTMOD
Overview_Description:
Entity_and_Attribute_Detail_Citation:
Jones, D., M. Madden, J. Snyder, and K. Rutchey. 1999. A Vegetation Classification System for South Florida National Parks/Preserves, South Florida Natural Resources Center Technical Report, Everglades National Park, National Park Service, U.S. Department of Interior, Homestead, Florida.

Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Southeast Environmental Research Center
Address: Florida International University
Address: University Park, OE 148
City: Miami
State_or_Province: Florida
Postal_Code: 33199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (305) 348-6054
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (305) 348-4096
Resource_Description: Downloadable Data
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Transfer_Size: 2.518

Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20031118
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Person: Mike Rugge
Contact_Organization: Florida Coastal Everglades LTER
Contact_Position: Program Manager
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: mailing address
Address: Southeast Environmental Research Center
Address: Florida International University
Address: University Park, OE 148
City: Miami
State_or_Province: FL
Postal_Code: 33199
Country: USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (305) 348-6054
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (305) 348-4096
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: <http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html>
Profile_Name: ESRI Metadata Profile

Generated by mp version 2.7.33 on Tue Nov 18 14:30:45 2003